1220-Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt. He receives the ten commandments at Mount Sinai, and gives the Torah to the Hebrews. Moses did not live to see the promised land.
1180-Joshua, disciple of Moses, conquers Canaan and divides it among the 12 tribes. Joshua was a great warrior. All five nations fought Joshua when he came into the promised land (Egypt., Saudi-Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon). Joshua entered the promised land through Jericho and through Jerusalem.
Ancient Jerusalem Until the Destruction of the First Temple, 1400-585 B.C.E.It was Samuel who built the first Temple. The first Temple in Jerusalem was in Shilo. The first King of Israel was anointed in Shilo. The only Country that the Jews did not conquer was Jerusalem. King David had conquered the Jebusite King to buy the land that Jerusalem was on. He bought the Land for over 3,000 Pieces of Silver. God told David that now he could build the greatest Temple on Mount Moriah. Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel were the Prophets of Peace.
586- Peace lasted 410 years. The King of Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem They destroyed the Temple on the 9th of Av.Tisha B’av on the 9th of Av was the Anniversary of the destruction of the first Temple. Now Babylonian- Iran controlled the entire Area.
King Ahaushaurus, King of Babylon conquered Persia. Haman, his Ambassador decided to annihilate the Jews on the 9th Day of Av. Mordechai was the prophet of Israel. Mordichai was Esther’s Uncle. The King decided to have a Beauty-Contest to choose a new wife. Ahaushaurus fell in love with Esther who was one of the winners of the beauty-contest, and she becomes Queen. She cried to the King and told him that someone wanted to annihilate her people, and that that someone was Haman! Ahaushaurus listened to his queen and Haman and his sons and family were beheaded on the 14th Day of Adar which became the Holiday of Purim.
Jerusalem up until the Destruction of the Second Temple: The Persian Period, 538-332 B.C.E.
Esther had a son with King Ahasuerosh and his name was Cyrus.
Ezra and Neamiah, and Zerabobol were his prophets and 70 years later, another Temple was built; The Second Temple and that Temple lasted 120 years.
That which happened to to the first Temple on the 9th of Av, happened to the second Temple; again, on the 9th of Av. It was destroyed. The Israelites endured the Babylonian exile for about 50 years and the famous decree of Cyrus, King of Persia, allowed them to return to their land. (391-370 B.C.E.)
3621-5725/140-36 B.C.E Antiochus Epihanes captures Jerusalem and forbids the practice of Judaism. Judahh the Maccabee heads a revolt.
165–The revolt is successfully concluded. The re-dedication of the Temple is made the occasion of the yearly celebration of Hanukah. Rule of the Hasmonean dynasty The exact date of the re-dedication of the Temple by the Hasmoneans and the simultaneous occurrence of the miracle of the oil celebrated by the lighting of Chanukah candles is not given by the Talmud or other authoritative Torah Sources. The books of Maccabees give exact dates for the events they report, rededication occurred on 25 Kislev 3597 (165 BC.E.). (Shimon, Yochanan, Hyrkanos, Yehudah Aristobulus, Alexander Yannai, Queen Alexandra Hyrkans and Aristobulus
The area was divided between the House of Seleucus and the House of Ptolemy with Judea becoming part of the latter. Ptolemy’s Center was Egypt. During this period, Jerusalem blossomed religiously, becoming the spiritual hegemony for the Israelites.
In 516 B.C.E. , the Temple was completed and The builders laid the Foundation of the Hellenistic Period, 332-167 B.C.E.
In 63 B.C.E. Pompey, head of the Roman Army captured Jerusalem. This occurred at the time of Hadrian when he was asked to intercede in a Great revolt against the Romans; headed by Bar Kochhba, great Jewish Hero. Between 66 C.E. and 70 C.E. Titus came to Jerusalem and on the Ninth of Av. 70 C.E., after heavy fighting, the City fell. Its walls were overcome and the Temple was destroyed. The upper City withstood the siege. On the Ninth of Av, his soldiers burn the Temple. He returns to Rome with many captives and with the Temple Vessels.
The Byzantine Period: (335-634 C.E.) Reign of Constantine, Christian Emperor of Jerusalem .The Persian Occupation: 614-629 C.E. 15 Years
The Ancient Arab Period 634-1099, Caliph, Omar, captured Jerusalem from the Byzantines. The conquerors attached no special Importance to Jerusalem. It isn’t even mentioned in The Koran Arabs called Jerusalem, ‘City of the Temple.
The Crusader Period, (1099-11187) Europe’s religious revival, coupled with political and economic factors were he cause of visits to the Holy Land..
The Mameluke Period (1260-1917): Marmalukes, slaves, of Turkish-decent, brought to Egypt in private Army of rulers, in time took control.
The Ottoman Period (1516-1970): Turkish- Moslems from House of Ottoman. Turkish Sultan in 1517, Selim 1 captured Jerusalem. During his reign, Water-Works built, bring-ing Solomon’s- Pools to Jerusalem.
Jerusalem during the British-Mandate:(1917-1948) 1917, WWI -British General Allenby entered Jerusalem and captured the city, without a battle.
Mentioned in the BIBLE As giving ISRAEL to the Jewish People ***********
Genesis XII 6
7. And the Lord appeared unto Abram, and said: “Unto thy seed will I give this land” and he builded there an alter unto the Lord who appeared unto him.
14. And the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him: “Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art, northward and southward and eastward and westward
15. For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever.
17. Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for unto thee will I give it.”
GENESIS XV 18
18. In that day the Lord made a Covenant with Abram, saying: “Unto thy seed have I give this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:
7. And I will establish my covenant between me and Thee and thy seed after thee throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee.
8. “ And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land of thy so- journings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.”
EXODUS VI -6
6. I am the Lord. I will deliver you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians,And I will redeem you out with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments;
7. And I will take you to Me for a people, and I will be to you a God; and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8. I will bring you in unto the land concerning which I lifted up My hand to give it to Abraham to Isaac and to Jacob; and I will give it you for a heritage: I am the Lord.
!. And the Lord spoke unto Moses: “Depart, go up hence, thou and the people that thou has brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land of which I swore unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying: Unto thy seed will I give it-2 and I will